The Effect of Two Styles (Prayer and Wishing and Re-Interpreting Feeling of Pain) in Reducing Psychological Hopelessness of Unemployed Youths
The present research aims at knowing The Effect of Two Styles (Prayer and Wishing and Re-Interpreting Feeling of Pain) in Reducing Psychological Hopelessness of Unemployed Youthsthrough ascertaining the following zero hypothesis: There are no statistically significant differences among mean grades of the psychological hopelessness scale among the three groups (the first experimental which treated with prayer and wishing style), (the second experimental which treated with re-interpreting feeling of pain style) and the controlled group in the post-test. In order to know the psychological hopelessness of unemployed youths, the researcher has constructed a scale for measuring psychological hopelessnessaccording to the theory of hopelessness for (Seligman) depending on (Saham, 2014). However, the main sample of the research consists of (250) youths from Baghdad. The scale consists of (32) items distributed on three components:-
- Motivational hopelessness.
- Cognitive hopelessness.
- Emotional hopelessness.
After ascertaining the validity of the scale, the researcher has ascertained the reliability by using test and re-test methods where the reliability coefficient is (0,85). In order to construct the counseling program with its two styles, it is applied on a sample consists of (100) youths in order to know the young people who suffer from psychological hopelessness. The number of the counseling program sessions is (13) where the program has constructed and exposed on a number of experts in the field. The sample of the experiment consists of (45) youths who score high on the scale distributed randomly on three groups (controlled and two experimental) with (15) youths in each one after conducting the equalization of the three groups on a number of variables that have relation with the dependent variable.The researcher has used the following statistical means: (Pearson coefficient. Mann-Whitney test two independent samples,Croscal and Alize test to know the significance of differences among the three groups.
After applying the program on the two experimental groups, it is applied on the three groups (in the post-test), the results show the following:-
- Prayer and wishing style has an influence in reducing psychological hopelessness of unemployed youths.
- Re-interpretation of feeling of pain style has an influence in reducing psychological hopelessness of unemployed youths.
In the light of the afore-mentioned results, the researcher has put forward a number of recommendations and suggestions.
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