The development of strategies of the cognitive regulation for emotions for the university students

  • سناء عبد الكريم لكواز الجامعة المستنصرية – كلية الآداب – قسم علم النفس

Abstract

The current study aims at identifying the cognitive emotion regulation strategies among university students in accordance with age and sex variables. The study also aims at identifying the significance of differences in cognitive emotion regulation strategies among university students in accordance with age and sex variables. The sample consists of (240) male and female students. To achieve the study aims, the researcher adopted the cognitive emotion regulation strategies by Garnefski et al (2001) which has been translated and rationed into Iraqi environment by Al-ganem and Al-Noori (2003). The scale consists of (36) items distributing to (9) strategies. The scale reliability is about (0.79) through Cronbach's alpha and about (0.68) through split-half method. The results indicate that:



  • There are significant differences in accordance with age variable for all strategies in favor of 23 years.

  • There are no significant differences in strategies in accordance with sex variables.

  • There is variation in strategies growth:

  • (self-blame, acceptance) among males of (21) years and among females of (23) years.

  • (acceptance, reappraisal) in age of (19) years.

  • (focus on though, catastrophizing) for both sexes in age of (21) years.

  • (putting into perspective) among males in age of (19) years, and girls in age of (21) years.

  • (other-blame) for both sexes in age of (23) years.

References

1- البستاني، المعلم بطرس (1869): قطر المحيط، ج1، 2، بيروت: مكتبة بيروت للنشر والتوزيع.
2- بني يوسف، محمد (2012): سيكولوجية الدافعية والانفعالات، عمَّان: دار المسيرة.
3- الرحو، جنان سعيد (2005): أساسيات في علم النفس، بيروت: الدار العربية للعلوم، ط1.
4- الطيب، محمد عبد الظاهر (1999): مبادئ الصحة النفسية، الاسكندرية: دار المعرفة الجامعية.
5- عبده، أشرف علي (2009): الانفعالات - نظرياتها وطرق قياسها، جامعة الملك سعود، متاحة على الموقع: http://faculty.ksa.edu.sa.
6- علوان، فادية (2003): مقدمة في علم النفس الارتقائي، القاهرة: مكتبة الدار العربية للكتاب، ط1.
7- الغانم، ستار جبار، والنوري، خديجة حيدر (2013): التنظيم المعرفي للانفعال، الجامعة المستنصرية، بغداد.
8- المسعودي، عبد عون (2002): الاتزان الانفعالي لدى طلبة الجامعة، رسالة ماجستير غير منشورة.
9- النعمة، طه والعجيلي، صباح (2004): مدخل إلى علم النفس، بغداد: مطبعة المجمع العلمي.
المصادر الأجنبية:
10- Barrett, L.F. et al, (2007): The experience of emotion, Annual review of psychology, 58, New York: Psychology press.
11- Bortoletto, D. & Boruchovitch, E. (2003): Learning strategies and emotional regulation strategies of pedagogy student.
12- Breitenstein, S.M. et al, (2009): Understanding disruptive behavior problems in preschool children, Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 24(1).
13- Cahill, L. et al, (1994): B-Adrenergic activin and memory for emotional events, Nature, Vol.371, Pp.702-704.
14- Eisenberg, N. & Spinrad, T.L. (2004): Emotion-Related regulation: Sharpening the definition, Child development, 75(2).
15- Frijda, N.H. (1988): The laws of emotion, American psychologist, 43.
16- Garnefski et al, (2002): The relationship between cognitive emotion regulation strategies and emotional problems: Comparison betwee a clinical and non-clinical sample, European Journal Personality, Eu,J. press.
17- Garnefski, et al, (2001): Negative life events, cognitive emotion regulation and emotional problems, Personality and differences, 30:403.
18- Garnefski, N. & Kraaij, V. (2006): Relationships between cognitive emption regulation strategies and depressive symptoms: A comparative study of five samples, Pers Individ Dif (40), PD: 1659-1669.
19- Garnefski, N., et al (2008): The influence of cognitive emotion regulation strategies and depression severity on deliberate self-harm, The official Journal of the American Association Suicidology, Vol.38. 11 sue (3).
20- Gilbert, et al, (1998): Immune neglect: A source of durability bias in affective forecasting, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75.
21- Gross, J.J. & Thompson, R.A. (2007): Emotion regulation: Conceptual foundations. In. J.J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation, New York: Guilford press.
22- Gross, J.J. (1999): Emotion regulation: Past, present, future cognitive and emotion, 13(5).
23- Gross, J.J. (2002): Emotion regulation: Affective, cognitive and social consequences, Psychophysiology, Stanford university.
24- Gross, J.J. (2007): Regulation of emotion, Handbook of emotion, New York: Guilford press.
25- Gross, J.J. (2008): Emotion regulation, Handbook of emotion, 3rd edition, The Guilford press, New York.
26- Gross, J.J. (2009): Emotion regulation, Book of emotion, 3rd edition, The Guilford press, NY U.S.A.
27- Gross, J.J. et al, (2006): Emotion regulation in everyday life, in emotion regulation in couples and families, American psychological association, Washington DC.
28- Gross. J.J. (1998b): The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review of General psychology, 2.
29- John, O.P. & Gross, J.J. (2004): Health and unheath emotion regulation, Journal of Personality, 72:6, December, Blackwell publishing.
30- Kahneman, D. (2000): Experienced utility and objective happiness: A moment-based approach. In D., P.673-692.
31- Kochanska, G. & Murry, K.T. (2001): The development of self-regulation in the first four years of life, Child Development, 72(4).
32- Lazarus (1991a): Emotion and adaptation, Oxford: Oxford university press.
33- Lazarus, R.S. & Folk-man, S. (1984): Stress, appraisal and coping, New York: Springer.
34- Leibel, T. & Snell, C. (2005): Borderline personality disorder and multiple aspects of emotional intelligence, Personality and individual differences, Vol.37, Pp.393-404.
35- Lozo, L. (2009): Cognitive aspects ofemotion regulation dissertation Zur eriangung des grades eines doctors der philosophie.
36- Mauss, I.B., et al, (2005): The tie that binds: Coherence among experience, behavior and physiology emotion, 5.
37- Mayer, J. & Salovey, P. (1997): What is emotional intelligence, Inp Salovey & D. Slyter.
38- Moikolajiczak, M. et al, (2008): If you can regulate sadness, you can probably regulate sham: Associations between trait emotional intelligence, emotion regulation and coping efficiency across discrete emotions, Journal of Personality and Individual Differences, Voi.44, Pp.1358.
39- Nelis, D. (2011): Measuring individual differences in emotion regulation: The emotion regulation profile-Revised (ERP-R), Psychological Belgica 49.
40- Ochsner, K.N. & Gross, J.J. (2005): The cognitive control of emotion, Trends in cognitive sciences, 9.
41- Paulhuse, D.L. et al, (1997): Psychological defense: Contemporary theory and research, In R. Hogan, J. Johnson & S. Briggs (Eds), Handbook of personality psychology, San Diego, CA: Academic press.
42- Philippot, D. et al, (2004): Cognitive regulation of emotion: Application to clinical disorders, The regulation of emotion, New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Association, U.S.A.
43- Phillips et al, (2006): Age regulation and well-being, Aging and mental health.
44- Raval, V. et al, (2007): Would others think it is okay to express my feeling? Regulation of anger, sadness and physical paining in Gugurati Children in India, Social development, Vol.16, Isuel, Pp.58-78.
45- Rothbart, M.K., et al., (1992): Self-regulation and emotion in infancy, Fabes (Eds), Emption and its regulation in early development, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
46- Srouf, Alan, L. & Cooper, P. (1996): Child development: Its nature and course, McGraw-Hill, Inc.
47- Sumida, E. (2010): Clarifying the relationship between emotion regulation, gender and depression, All graduate theses and dissertation, Paper 761, Urate state university.
48- Sumida, E. (2010): Clarifying the relationship between emotion regulation, gender and depression, All graduate theses and dissertations, Paper 761, Urate state university.
49- Weitan, Wayne (1998): Psychology: Themes and variations, 4th ed., Brook/col publishing company, California, U.S.A.
Published
2019-07-02
How to Cite
لكواز, سناء عبد الكريم. The development of strategies of the cognitive regulation for emotions for the university students. Mustansiriyah Journal of Arts (MuJA), [S.l.], n. 85, p. 387-445, july 2019. ISSN 0258-1086. Available at: <http://amm.uomustansiriyah.edu.iq/index.php/mustansiriyah/article/view/922>. Date accessed: 23 aug. 2019.
Section
Articles