Sumer -Al Kufa continuum

  • Dr. Shakir Saeed


In this paper readig to the Anthropology of Shiite as a culture with its elements : loyalty and tragedy which centered around the hero Imam. And as a culture has a historic root return to ancient civilization arose in Sumer helped unconsciously in typing of cultural components of Shiite as sectarianism and rite. Thus we read Shiite on four stages:1 - born in al-Madena in the age of the Prophet and the growth in the age of Ali.2 - Crystallization after the death of Hussein (the stage of revolutionary protest).3 - maturity in the age of Al-Sadiq (cultural and jurisprudential protest ).4 - extension after the absence of the Mahdi (waiting and diligence). 

How to Cite
SAEED, Dr. Shakir. Sumer -Al Kufa continuum. Mustansiriyah Journal of Arts (MuJA), [S.l.], n. 58, p. 1:24, oct. 2018. ISSN 0258-1086. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 06 dec. 2021.